James Long Expedition Flag 3x5 2-Ply Polyester
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James Long's Expedition Flag of Texas
Made of 2 ply polyester, which is the most durable option for those who fly their flag 24/7. This flag features an appliqued white star that is beautifully outlined with heavy embroidery on a solid red canton and thirteen sewn stripes.
- Heavy duty 600 denier fabric
- Appliqued star and sewn stripes
- Fade resistant
- Heavy canvas header with three brass grommets
- 4 rows of stitching on the fly end to prevent premature fraying
- Flag size: 3' x 5'
History of the James Long Expedition flag
Dr. James Long was the commander of the earliest serious attempt by Anglo-Americans to take possession of the Texas territory away from Spain. Men were recruited for the expedition by a promise of one league of Texas land to be granted to each soldier if the expedition were successful. On the 1st attempt to invade Nacogdoches in June of 1819, Dr. Long brought with him a solid red flag with a large white star in the center that was made for him by his wife, Jane, specifically for this endeavor. This flag was known as the Jane Long flag. The 1st expedition, however, was very short lived, being driven back into Louisiana by the Spanish army before the end of the year. After the 1st attempt to gain control of Texas had failed, Long took the Jane Long flag to New Orleans and modified it, placing the white star and red background into the canton of the newly designed flag. The new flag, known as the James Long Expedition Flag featured 13 alternating red and white stripes. This was done in order to attract more Americans to the cause. It was under this flag that Long returned to Texas in 1821. First arriving in Galveston, Long tried to recruit the pirate Jean Lafitte to assist in taking Texas away from Spain, but received only halfhearted cooperation. In September of 1821, Long's army sailed for La Bahia and easily captured the city on October 4th, but Long himself was captured only four days later and taken to a prison in Mexico City where he was eventually shot and killed by a prison guard. With James Long's capture and defeat, early attempts to take Texas from Spain came to an end. Although unsuccessful, these early expeditions into Texas introduced the lone star symbolism to the territory years before Texas ultimately won her independence from Mexico in 1836.
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